Your child may not know how to use language appropriately in social situations. This undeveloped social skill can cause your child to unintentionally say harmful or rude comments to others. Even when able to say words clearly in complex sentences with correct grammar, a child still may have a communication problem – if they have not mastered the rules for social language known as pragmatics.
Pragmatics includes three major communication skills:
Using language for different purposes
- greeting (e.g., Hello, goodnight)
- informing (e.g., I’m going to go to bed now.)
- demanding (e.g., Turn out the lights, please.)
- promising (e.g., I’m going to wake up early and make waffles.)
- requesting (e.g., I would like an extra blanket.)
Changing language according to the needs of a listener or situation
- speaking differently to a toddler than to an adult, or with a sibling vs. a teacher
- sharing background information with an unfamiliar listener
- speaking differently in a movie theater than on a playground
Following rules for conversations
- turn taking
- introducing a topic of conversation
- staying on topic
- rephrasing when misunderstood
- using verbal and nonverbal signals
- knowing how closely to stand to others
- using appropriate facial expressions and eye contact
Remember: It is important to understand the rules of your communicative situation.
An individual with pragmatic problems may:
Providing the weekly Medical Blogs are the team of professionals, doctors, occupational and behavioral therapists at San Antonio’s premiere Autism Diagnostic Clinic, the Autism Community Network.
Executive Director Dr. Loree Primeau
Medical Director Dr. A Patricia Del Angel
Training and Research Director Dr. Berenice de la Cruz
Carrie Alvarado, OTR, PhD©, DIR/Floortime-Certified
Lupe Castaneda, MS, BCBA
Adriana Sanchez, MA, BCBA
Dr. Gayla Aguilar, OTR, OTD, C-SIPT
Megan Kunze, MA, BCBA
The ACN teams works to maximize the potential of children with autism through their administrative, clinic, training and development departments. Their expertise on Aspergers Syndrome is offered to you through aspergers101.com.